Cloppenburg Museum Village— (Cloppenburg/Germany)

Cloppenburg Museum Village
1200px-Museumsdorf-Cloppenburg
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Cloppenburg Museum Village
1200px-Museum_IMG_7768_cloppenburg_museumsdorf
By BjoertvedtOwn work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42699511

 

The Cloppenburg Museum Village and Lower Saxon Open-Air Museum (German: Museumsdorf Cloppenburg – Niedersächsisches Freilichtmuseum) located in the Lower Saxon county town of Cloppenburg is the oldest museum village in Germany. The museum is a research and educational establishment specializing in cultural and rural history.

The Lower Saxon Open-Air Museum is a non-profit organisation. Although the museum does not set out to compete for visitors, in 2009 the Cloppenburg Museum Village had more visitors than any other museum in Lower Saxony (250,000). In 2004, the museum was visited by more than 60,000 students as a part of their school curriculum.

Covering an area of about 20 hectares (49 acres), the Lower Saxon Open-Air Museum portrays the history of rural life in the Lower Saxony region from 16th century to the present. Over 50 historic buildings, with their associated rural gardens and surrounding agricultural fields, illustrate the relationship of man to his environment over the course of time.

In the early days a form of reconstruction was chosen that showed the houses in their original state. Important design variants of the Low German house and East Frisian Gulfhaus are presented in this way. Since the 1970s, houses have been re-assembled, conserving the traces of their history and illustrating aspects of the life of their former occupants.

In addition to buildings that underpinned farming and crafts and the residential homes of country folk, the museum terrain also has a timber framed church from Klein-Escherde (built in 1698) and a village school from Renslage (built in 1751).

Outside the actual museum village land, north of Höltinghauser Straße, a large moor plough displayed. More information about the individual exhibits is available in an interactive location plan.

In 2011, planning began on the construction of a new entrance hall and integrated cultural-historical centre. Funding will be provided by the state of Lower Saxony, and the district and town of Cloppenburg. In the same year, construction started on a wheelwrights home dating to 1564. On completion, it will be oldest building on the museum village site.
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AutoWorld-Vintage Car Museum in Brussels (Belgium)

Autoworld in Brussels
1200px-Autoworld_Cinquantenaire
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Autoworld Interior
1200px-Autoworld_002
By VarechOwn work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7545189

Autoworld is a vintage car museum in the center of Brussels, Belgium, located in the southern hall of the Cinquantenaire Park.

It holds a large and varied collection of 350 vintage European and American automobiles from the late 19th century until the seventies. Including Minervas, such models as a 1928 Bentley, a 1930 Bugatti and a 1930 Cord and several limousines which belonged to the Belgian royal family.
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Lascaris War Rooms—Valletta (Malta)

Lascaris War Rooms Entrance
506px-Lascaris_War_Room_Entrance
By Pi3.124Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39500606

 

Lascaris War Rooms19606395364_f34b525fa4_kIMG_8093” (CC BY-ND 2.0) by  Lisa Cherry Aimi 

 

LascarisWarRooms20202392256_140542cb8e_k5” (CC BY-ND 2.0) by  Lisa Cherry Aimi 

The Lascaris War Rooms are an underground complex of tunnels and chambers in Valletta, Malta that housed the War Headquarters from where the defence of the island was conducted during the Second World War. The rooms were later used by NATO and they are now open to the public as a museum.

Work on the secret underground complex started in 1940, during the siege of Malta, when a series of tunnels under the Upper Barrakka Gardens and the Saluting Battery that had been used as slave quarters during the Hospitaller period began to be expanded. The complex was completed in early 1943. The site takes its name from the nearby Fort Lascaris, which was itself named after Giovanni Paolo Lascaris, a Grandmaster who had built a garden on the site later occupied by the fort.

The Lascaris War Rooms contained operations rooms for each of the fighting services, from where both the defence of Malta and other operations in the Mediterranean were coordinated. The Operation Headquarters at Lascaris communicated directly with radar stations around the Maltese islands, and it was equipped with Type X machines. The fleets were led from the Navy Plotting Room, while the Anti-Aircraft Guns Operations Room was responsible for the air defence of the island. In the Coast Defence Room, defensive operations in the case of an amphibious invasion were planned. The Filter Room displayed information received from various places, including the naval station at Auberge de Castille.

Lascaris was the advance Allied HQ from where General Eisenhower and his Supreme Commanders Admiral Cunningham, Field Marshal Montgomery and Air Marshal Tedder directed the Allied invasion of Sicily (Operation Husky) in 1943.

Throughout the war, around 1000 people worked in the rooms, including 240 soldiers.

After the war, Lascaris became the Headquarters of the Royal Navy’s Mediterranean Fleet. They played an active part during the Suez Crisis of 1956, and were put into full alert during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, when a Soviet missile strike against Malta was feared.

In 1967, the complex was taken over by NATO to be used as a strategic Communication Centre for the interception of Soviet submarines in the Mediterranean. The war rooms continued to serve this function until they were closed down in 1977.
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Huis Doorn (Doorn Manor)——Residence in exile of the last German Emperor Wilhelm II-Province of Utrecht/The Netherlands

Doorn Manor with a bust of Wilhelm II
Huis Doorn---1200px-Wilhelm_II_Bust_@_Doorn
By Charles01 – my own collection, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2377243

Dining room
1200px-Eetkamer_in_Huis_Doorn_(9182322296)
By Sebastiaan ter Burg from Utrecht, The Netherlands – Eetkamer in Huis DoornUploaded by ter-burg, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27145145

Mausoleum of Wilhelm II
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By Iijjccoo at Dutch Wikipedia – Transferred from nl.wikipedia to Commons., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1858965

Huis Doorn (English: Doorn Manor) is a manor house and national museum in the town of Doorn in the Netherlands. The museum shows the early 20th-century interior from the time when former German Emperor Wilhelm II lived in the house.

Huis Doorn was first built in the 9th century. It was rebuilt in the 14th century, after it was destroyed. It was again rebuilt in the 19th century to its present-day form. The gardens were also created in the 19th century. After World War I, Wilhelm II bought the house, where he lived in exile from 1920 until his death in 1941. He is buried in a mausoleum in the gardens. After the German occupation in World War II, the house was seized by the Dutch government as hostile property.

Huis Doorn is now a national museum and a national heritage site. The interior of the house has not been changed since Wilhelm II died. Every year in June, German monarchists come to Doorn to pay their respects to the emperor. In 2012, the museum had 25,000 visitors.
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German Navy Museum-Wilhelmshaven/Germany

Marinemuseum_Wilhelmshaven
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Maritime_Meile
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Submarine Type 205-U10
1200px-Marinemuseum_Wilhelmshaven_-_Flickr_-_Axel_Schwenke_(33)
By Axel Schwenke from Meschede, Deutschland – Marinemuseum Wilhelmshaven, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18472298

The Haus am Checkpoint Charlie museum opened two years after the wall was erected

1200px-Haus_am_Checkpoint_Charlie_museum
By Adam Carr10 June 2006 (original upload date)Original uploader was Adam Carr at en.wikipedia, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18239090

Checkpoint Charlie was the best known crossing point between East Berlin (Soviet sector) and the American sector of West Berlin.

National War Museum entrance—At Fort St Elmo (Valletta,Malta)

900px-National_War_Museum_entrance
By Continentaleurope at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47520002